Shared hosting is one of the most prevalent and cost-effective solutions for individuals and small businesses looking to establish an online presence. At its core, shared hosting is analogous to living in an apartment complex.
Just as several tenants share common facilities like the swimming pool, gym, or laundry room in an apartment, websites hosted on a shared server share the server’s resources.
This means that multiple websites are hosted on a single physical server, utilizing the same CPU, memory, storage space, and bandwidth.
This pooled resource approach allows hosting providers to distribute the cost of maintaining the server across multiple clients, leading to the affordability that shared hosting is known for.
However, just as apartment dwellers might experience noise from neighbors or find the shared pool crowded, websites on shared hosting might face slower loading times or downtimes, especially if one of the websites experiences a traffic surge or uses a disproportionate amount of resources.
To manage this, hosting providers implement certain limits on resources to ensure fair usage. For many, shared hosting is the ideal entry point due to its simplicity, as most technical aspects, including software installations, security, and updates, are managed by the hosting provider.
However, as businesses grow and website traffic increases, they might find the need to upgrade to more resource-rich and isolated hosting solutions, such as VPS or dedicated hosting, to ensure optimal performance and security.
VPS Hosting Unveiled
- A Contabo VPS was purchased and set up. (You can watch the video below on how to purchase a Contabo VPS)
- Install LAMP Stack and the Ubuntu 22.04 OS on the Apps & Panel when purchasing the Contabo VPS (LAMP stands for Linux, Apache, MSQL, and PHP). Together, these tools form a powerful and popular combination for web hosting.
- A domain name (Check out this video on how to get one)
- Map the Domain Name to your Contabo VPS Server. (Configure your DNS Records to map the domain name to your VPS IP address)
- SSH access to your VPS.
- Basic knowledge of Linux commands.
Install WordPress on Contabo: Step-by-step Installation
1. Access your VPS:
Gaining access to your Virtual Private Server (VPS) on Contabo is a crucial first step toward managing your web hosting environment, and it primarily involves using SSH (Secure Shell), a network protocol for secure remote login.
Upon setting up your VPS on Contabo, you’ll receive essential credentials including your server’s IP address, username, and password via email.
To access your VPS, open a terminal if you’re on a Linux or macOS system, or use a terminal emulator like PuTTY, If you’re on Windows.
In the terminal, type
ssh username@your_server_ip, substituting ‘username’ with the actual username you’ve been provided (often ‘root’ for initial setups) and ‘your_server_ip’ with the specific IP address of your Contabo VPS.
After hitting enter, you’ll be prompted to enter your password. Once you input the password and press enter, you’ll be logged into your VPS. For first-time connections, you’ll see a security prompt asking you to confirm the server’s fingerprint; type ‘yes’ and proceed.
Now, you have secure command-line access to your Contabo VPS, enabling you to manage files, execute commands, and install software.
This basic yet powerful method of accessing your Contabo VPS is foundational for a range of server management tasks, from installing web services like Apache or Nginx to setting up databases and beyond.
2. Update Your Server:
Always ensure that your server is updated before installing new software. Keeping an Ubuntu system updated ensures that you benefit from the latest security patches, software features, and bug fixes.
sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade -y
3. Install Necessary Software:
Before diving into the installation of WordPress, one must first lay down the foundational software infrastructure that the platform requires to operate smoothly, and this is where the LAMP stack comes into play.
LAMP, an acronym for Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP, represents a cohesive suite of software tools that together form the backbone of many web applications, including WordPress. Starting with Linux, it provides a stable and secure operating system environment for our web server.
Installing and properly configuring the LAMP components ensures that when WordPress is finally set up, it runs seamlessly, and securely, and can fully leverage the capabilities of the server.
Luckily with Contabo you just have to select the LAMP stack when purchasing the VPS. If you did not you can still reinstall the Ubuntu system with LAMP from the management dashboard.
4. Create a MySQL Database:
Having installed the LAMP stack when purchasing the VPS, our server already has a MySQL database server in place.
Log in to MySQL:
sudo mysql -u root -p
Enter the password for the root user that was sent to you in your email or the one you entered when setting up the VPS.
Now, create a database
CREATE DATABASE wordpress DEFAULT CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_unicode_ci;